In the name of God almighty
Teacher : Heidar Zafari Davazdah Emami
School : Shahid Rajaee (Davazdah Emam)
Level of the class : Elementary
Age level of the class : 13 - 14
Methods : DM- GTM - CM
Size of the class : 24
Socio economic : Average
Date of presentation : 2008
Designed and carried out by : Heidar Zafari Davazdah Emami
Table of contents
A: Lesson plan ( general information )
B: Goals and objective
b) paying attention to the students ' feeling
c) calling the students ' roll
d) checking the students' home work
e) review of the previous lesson ( short review about the grammar )
f) warming up ( Activating students with a film )
a) presenting new words and before reading question
b) presenting reading and while reading question
c) presenting reading on the computer and after reading question
E: Post view
a) close test on the computer
b) completing the slides on the computer
c) full comprehension ( giving complete answers )
d) assigning home work
Goals : At the end of this lesson students should :
a) know the meaning of " zoo "
b) know the difference between " zoo " and " jungle "
c) know the meaning of " wild "
d) understand the difference between wild and home animals
Behavioral objectives :
a) be able to name some animals
b) be able to translate new words in Persian
c) be able to use the new words in different situation
d) be able to read the reading and summarize it
e) be able to name some wild animals
f) be able to reorder the text which it's sentences are not in correct form
g) be able to make a short story related to the animals
h) be able to go to the zoo and see the animals in it
A daily lesson plan based on lesson three, English text book ,
book 3 in guidance school
Teacher's name : Heidar Zafari davazdah Emami
Date of presentation : 2008
Estimated time : 30 minutes
Teaching point : Reading
Lesson : Lesson 3
a) marker b white board c) computer
Procedures ( methods ) : DM - GTM - CM
Preview : ( 6 minutes)
A: Greeting ( 30s )
T: Hello students S: Hello teacher
T: How are you today ? S: Thank you and you ?
T: Fine thanks , Sit down please .
T: Welcome to our English class . S: Thank you .
T: I'm very happy to see you again .
Before paying attention to the ss's feeling the teacher writes " in the name of God "on the board , to teach the students every work should be started by the almighty name of God. He also writes the date on the board .
B: Paying attention to the students' feeling ( 60s )
T: How are you today, Ali ? Are you quite well ?
T: What about you Hamid , it seems that you are not very well , Am I right ?
S: answers the question in English or in mother tongue
T: Oh Majid , you have a new jacket today ? Where do you buy it ?
T: says in mother tongue : Morteza rasti dirooz az jelo maghaze babat rad shodam ke ye bare babato didam, az vaziyat darsit miporsid ke manam behesh goftam har rooz dareh behtar mishe , kholase bayad hesabi talashe khodeto bokoni .
S: answers in mother tongue
T: I don't see Nabi ollah , Where is he ?
S: I'm here .
T: Oh , why do you sit there ? Come here and sit on this desk .
C: Calling the students roll ( 30s)
T: Now , let me know who is absent .
T :, Ahmadi , Khosravi , Zafari , ………..
T: Thank God , all of you are present
D: Checking the students ' home work ( 30s )
The teacher says to the students : May I have a look at your home works ?
Please put them on your desks , I'm going to check them . While looking at the students home work , the teacher applauds some of the students who did their home work well
T: very good , bravo , nice , excellent , ……
He also applauds one of the students who has a very good hand writing and says :
for example , look at Nabi's hand writing , It's very beautiful , give him a clap .(while showing Nabi's note book to the students )
E: Review of the previous lesson ( 2m )
Here , the teacher has a short review about the grammar which is necessary for understanding of the new lesson . ( decoding of patterns which occur mainly in passage in the elementary level is very important . (according to Paulston) )
So the teacher asks the students some questions about" how much" or" how many ".
At first he asks some questions orally about the physical situation of the class .
He says : from group "A", Ali you ? How many students are there in the class ?
T: Reza , you ? How many windows are there in the class ?
T: Hamid , you ? How many friends do you have in the class ?
T: From group "B", who is ready ? Majid you ? How much is six and and seven ?
Then the teacher hands out some papers which contain five questions .
He does this part to understand whether all of the students know the previous lesson or not . The questions are :
1) How many students are there in the park ?
2) How much money do you need to buy a new car ?
3) How many people are there in Tehran ?
4) How much water is there in the sea( Darya )?
5) How many days are there in a month ?
If all of the students don't answer all of the questions related to the grammar (how much and how many ) , the teacher briefly presents the patterns to the class and helps them to understand the significance of the word order and important function words .(according to Paulston)
F: Warming up ( 90s)
The teacher activates the students with a film . The film is about the animals ( related to the reading )
The teacher says : now I want to show you some thing , what do you think about it ?
Students answer differently , they may say , a book , a box , …… .
If one f the students says , it is a film , the teacher applauds him immediately and
says : very good , it's a film , do you know what it is about ?
S: answer differently
T: yah , it's a film , it's about the animals , about your new lesson , try to watch carefully.
After watching the film , the teacher says : Is it a good film ? , What it is about ?
S: say in mother tongue ( heivanat ) or one of the students may say , it's about the animals .
T: yes, it's about the animals . ( communicative approach )
View : (17 minutes )
Presenting new words on the computer and before reading question :
After a few seconds the teacher says ok, I want to teach you a new reading , It's about zoo and animals , There are some new words in the reading , such as , animal - wild - lion - tiger – camel - horse - ticket - and meat . ( semantic relation ship is more important than the syntactic for receiving messages . In reading the emphasis conversely is on content words , but for receptive use , for the ability to recognize the meaning of word in context , which is after all what reading is all about )
T: Try to learn new words , lion .(while showing a picture of a lion on the computer) this is a picture of a lion ( while pointing to the picture of a lion ) Do you know the meaning of lion in Persian ? who knows ? S: say in mother tongue (shir) .
T: Okay you are right, but an other new word , look ( while showing a picture of a tiger) what is it ?it's a picture of a tiger , what ? tiger , do you know the meaning of the tiger ? S: Say in mother tongue (babr) .T: Okay these are animals , but an other word, an other animal , look at the computer , horse , ( while showing a picture of a horse) , this is a picture of a horse , picture of what ? horse , Ali what? , Ali: horse T: do you know the meaning of horse ? S: yes and they may say in mother tongue (asb)
T: horse is a kind of animal, too. But the other word , in fact the other animal , look(while showing a picture of camels) this is a picture of two camels , these are two camels(while pointing to the picture) , what ? camels , do you know the meaning of camel? S: yes T: what does it mean in Persian? S: shotor. T: Ok , you are right, lions , tigers , horses and camels are animals , look at the board , animals , this is a picture of some animals , you can see some animals in this picture.( while showing the picture)
T: Dogs and cats are animals , so lions, tigers , horses, camels, dogs , and, cats, are animals. Do you know the meaning of animals in Persian? S: yes, or they may say in mother tongue (heivanat) . T: very good , you are right. After a few seconds , the teacher says : ok , try to learn the other new words .
T: an other new word is wild , do you know the meaning of wild ? S: may say yes or no . If one of the students says the meaning of wild , the teacher applaudes him immediately and teaches an other word , but if no body knows the equivalent of wild in Persian, the teacher says : ok , look at the board , wild , these are two pictures of a lion and a tiger , these are wild animals , lion and tiger are wild animals , but camel and horse are not wild , do you get the meaning of wild ? S: may say yes or one of them may say in mother tongue , wild means ( vahshi ) . At this time , the teacher says , bravo, you are right , yes , tigers and lions are wild animals , Majid you lions and tigers are what animals ? Majid: wild animals. T: good , wild , lions and tigers are wild animals . T: meat , the other new word , look at the board , this is a picture of a shop , in fact it's a picture of a butcher's . you can see some pieces of meat in this butcher's .
T: meat , look , these are some pieces of meat , here . do you know what the meat is ? Reza , you , meat is what in Persian? Reza may say goosht. If he says goosht , the teacher applauds him and says nice , you are right .T: but , zoo, an important new word
T: try to learn this new word , zoo , this is the title of the new reading which I'm going to teach today . T: look at the board , there's an example , try to get the meaning of "zoo" through this sentence. Zoo: It's a place , there are many animals (wild and not wild ) in it , people go there to see animals and enjoy . Who gets the meaning of the zoo? what does it mean in Persian , Hamid? Hamid: bagh vahsh
T: now, there are two new words , ticket and Africa, at first ticket , there are two sentences , two examples on the board , try to get the meaning of ticket through these sentences. Look .when you want to go to a cinema , at first you should buy a ticket , then you can see the film . Some of you come to school by bus , at first you get a ticket
then you can come by bus .when you go to the zoo , you buy a ticket , then you can see the animals. T: but the last new word is Africa , look at the board , this is picture of Africa , do you know the meaning of Africa ? S: yes , and says in mother tongue (afrigha)
It should be mentioned that during the presenting of new words, the teacher should correct the students ' errors in pronunciation .(according to DM)
The teacher presents reading on the tape to improve the students' listening skills and asks them some questions orally.
T: Listen to the tape carefully and then answer my questions . ( evaluating listening skills )
In this part the teachers asks, just some general questions . Here , the questions are :
- Who are going to the zoo ?
- What are there in the zoo ?
- Who gets the tickets ?
The students may be able to answer the above question or not . Whether the students answer the questions or not , the teacher fallows the other stage .
Presenting reading on a slide on the computer and while reading question:
In the first part , the text is shown on the computer with out audio and the teacher asks the students to read the text silently just for themselves ( silent reading )
Here, the teacher asks some general questions related to the text . When the teacher accomplished the above stage , he should go through the following stage.
In this stage , the teacher shows the text with audio and asks the students to look and listen , then he should ask the students some questions related to the text . These questions should not be very general or specific .
The passage written on the slide on the computer is :
It's Friday afternoon . Mr Jackson and his family are going to the zoo . They are getting ready .
- There is the zoo , lets go there and buy the tickets , first .
- How many tickets do we need ?
- How much is a ticket ?
- Five dollars .
- Anna , you go and get the tickets , please .
- Ok .
There are many animals in the zoo . Many of them are wild . Lions and tigers are wild animals . They eat a lot of meat . Some of these wild animals come from Africa . Some of the animals in the zoo are not wild . Camels and horses aren't wild animals .
An other part which the teacher should follow in this stage is presenting the text without audio like previous one , but here , the teacher reads the whole passage aloud while the students fallow him silently then he asks a student who has a good pronunciation to read the text again . ( the teacher should correct mistakes in pronunciation )
Then the teacher asks the groups some questions . The questions are :
- Where are Mr Jackson and his family going to ?
- What day do Mr Jackson and his family go to the zoo?
- How many tickets do they need ?
- Who gets the tickets ?
- How many animals are there in the zoo?
Then the groups answer the above questions one by one . If they can't answer the
questions correctly , the teacher helps them and corrects their errors and mistakes . ( here , only getting the main points of the text is important, not details of the text. )
presenting the reading on the computer and after reading questions :
This stage is very important and the teacher should do it as well as possible . Here, the teacher shows the text on the computer chunk by chunk . The power point program which the teacher uses here, is composed of written sentences and related pictures
It means that each chunk of the text is shown with it's related picture . Here , each
chunk of the text is read and related pictures are shown by the computer , the teacher reads that sentence again and explains about it .
For example , the computer reads the first sentence of the text and shows the related picture ( today is Friday afternoon , Mr Jackson and his family are going to the zoo , they are getting ready ) , the teacher reads the sentence again and asks : what day is today ? , who are going to the zoo ? , where are Mr Jackson and his family going to ? The students answer : today is Friday afternoon , Mr Jackson and his family , they are going to the zoo.Then the other paragraphs or chunks are shown by the computer and the teacher explains about them .
post view : ( 7 minutes )
In this stage , the teacher evaluates the students whether they learn the lesson or not . So he does three activities .
Close test :
The teacher evaluates the students with an interesting game . In this part , the teacher asks four volunteers from the groups to come to the board and do the game .
The teacher reads the passage on the board and asks the volunteers to fill correct words in the blanks as quickly as possible . The volunteers who fill the blanks much more quickly than the others get the positive mark . At the end , when they fill all of the blanks and the text is completed , the teacher announces who had won the game and applauds him and his group and registers a positive mark for that group .
Here , the form of passage is :
It's Thursday morning . Mr Robinson and his family are ……. to the zoo . They are ……… ready .
- There is the …… , lets go there and buy the ……… first .
- How many tickets do we ……. ?
- ……….. is a ticket ?
- Seven dollars .
- David , you go and ……. the tickets , please .
- Ok .
There are many ……… in the zoo . Many of …… are wild . Lions and tigers are ……. animals . They eat a lot of …… . Some of these wild animals come from …….. . Some of the animals in the zoo are not …… . Camels and horses aren't wild ……… .
Completing the slides on the computer :
In this part , the teacher asks the groups to complete the slides. Here each group were asked should complete the slides on the board . If a group can not complete it's own slide , an other group were asked to complete that slide . If all of the groups can not complete the slides correctly the teacher himself complete them . Also , in this part the teacher applauds the groups who have done much more better than the others .
Full comprehension :
The third and the most important activity which the teacher do at the end of class is full comprehension.
In this part , all of the students were asked to answer twenty questions which are shown on the board . The students write the answers on the prepared papers the teacher had given them before . Here, the teacher should score the papers and also corrects the errors and mistakes if they were . ( Any related and meaningful sentence which is acceptable in meaning and structure can be counted as a correct )
Assigning home work
At the end of the class , the teacher thanks all of the students.
T: the new lesson is finished , I hope you were able to pick up the points of the text ( reading ), thank you for your attention.
T: for the next session, all of you should be able to summarize the text , try to do the exercises on page 27. T: an other home work which is very important and you must do
it for the next session is writing a composition . T: suppose that you and your friends want to go to the zoo ,what do you do ? write what ever you do, try to write a good composition.
T: again , I thank all of you for your notice and tolerance, don't be exhausted.
see you next session . By